See also Textbooks on Various Subjects.
In recent times, I've warmed up to a variety of themes from history, philosophy, economics and technology. Here's a list books that have shaped my opinion.
A Short History of Drunkenness: How, Why, Where, and When Humankind Has Gotten Merry from the Stone Age to the Present by Mark Forsyth, Simon Vance (2018)
Infinite Powers: How Calculus Reveals the Secrets of the Universe by Steven Strogatz (2019)
Making the Modern World: Materials and Dematerialization by Vaclav Smil (2014)
God's Debris: A Thought Experiment by Scott Adams (2013)
Stories of Your Life and Others by Ted Chiang (2004)
High Output Management by Andrew S. Grove (2015)